What Are The Problems Of Small Scale Farming?

Due to numerous production risks, including unfavorable weather, dry spells, flooding, inadequate use of farm inputs, and insufficient irrigation, the problem of small-scale farmers’ ability to earn a living is further adversely affected.

Lack of prompt advice, subpar agricultural extension resulting in low yield, scarcity of food, and others is also a problem these farmers need help with.
Water and electricity are sometimes in short supply for small-scale farmers in underdeveloped nations, making irrigation and using simple instruments challenging.

Furthermore, having appropriate infrastructure or storage options is an ongoing problem. Re-wetting frequently happens because goods are typically stored outside in plain polypropylene bags. 

As a result, the kept goods grow mold, producing harmful byproducts like aflatoxin.

When products in plain polypropylene bags are improperly packed or are left exposed, insect infestation often becomes an issue. All of these subsequently lead to a reduction in both quality and quantity.

Governments still need to help struggling farmers who require institutions and organizations to continue their work.

What Is The Meaning Of Small Scale In Agriculture?

Small-scale farming is a form of farming that relies more on physical labor than machines. 

Small-scale farming enterprises often employ more environmentally friendly methods for pest management and soil productivity maintenance than traditional factory farming techniques.

Small-scale farmers, individuals who oversee land between one and ten hectares, practice this style of farming. The farmer’s market is often where small farmers sell their produce. Small-scale organic producers frequently sell directly to customers. 

Numerous organizations throughout the world support small-scale farming because it is viewed as a sustainable alternative to industrial agriculture because it has less of an impact on the environment and uses fewer resources.

Which Farming Is Best For Small Land?

Tree Farm

Most farmers first plant 10 to 20 seedlings in a small field, but with the proper marketing plan, they might sell out the young trees before maturity. Little trees can be grown from seed or purchased for about $20 each.

Fish Farm 

Fish farming is a great business idea for investors with sufficient land because it only sometimes requires a body of water. A very profitable business idea, you can start a fish farm by building fish ponds or purchasing fish tanks. 

Local stores and restaurants typically get their fish and seafood from small-scale farms.

Once you understand fish raising, choosing the type of fish to grow will be easy. 

The fish you produce will depend entirely on your knowledge, financial resources, customer needs, and agro-climatic conditions, which refer to the typical soil types, precipitation, climate, and water quality influencing local vegetation.

Multiple Cropping

Intercropping or mixed cropping are examples of multiple cropping. Intercropping refers to growing various crops nearby, and mixed cropping is growing more than one kind of crop in the same area.

It is well-liked by farmers since it maximizes the use of tools, land, irrigation, and farming supplies. It also increases the output of a small farm throughout the year.


A farming technique called aquaponics combines hydroponics and aquaculture, which is the cultivation of aquatic creatures with plants in water. Doing aquaponics means that less water and land are needed for farmers to grow their crops.

Given that it is known to produce crops more quickly and in higher quantities, this corresponds to a reduced investment cost and more significant earnings potential. Experts advise beginners to start modest and increase as they become more proficient at maximizing their productivity.


Microgreens Farming

Microgreens are young crops or infant plants that are one to three inches tall and have been growing for 10 to 14 days. These are the little edible veggies served in salads or as a garnish in restaurant dishes.

They’re in high demand because consumers value their aesthetic appeal and health advantages.

Because microgreens are simple to cultivate, they can be harvested quickly, and the business requires little initial investment, beginning farmers should consider it.

Can Small Scale Farming Be Profitable?

Small-scale farming can be successful even though it may yield fewer grains of crops than a farm covering 100 acres.

Smallholder farmers are caught in a vicious cycle that harms them and the environment. Their restricted access, weak negotiating position, and significant crop losses expose them to unfavorable weather events and water shortages.

The international society and its corporations have every reason to support smallholders in increasing their output, escaping poverty, and ending damaging agricultural methods.

With profitable and inclusive solutions that help smallholders pull themselves out of hardship by upgrading agricultural and business practices, corporations may aid in breaking this cycle. 

This raises the possibility that small- to medium-sized farming businesses will emerge based on their capacity to maintain their financial stability.

Farm size is not a relevant consideration when comparing the profitability of different farms. Other variables can interact and significantly affect farm income. However, when looked at separately, both large and small farms may be less profitable, or even both may be more profitable.

Why Is Small Scale Farming Better?

With just 30% of the world’s agricultural land, small-scale farming systems now produce 50% of our food’s calories. Smaller farms often have more per hectare than big farms when access to supplies and environmental factors are identical.

Small-scale farmers typically plant more difficult-to-manage crops that demand more intense management and manual labor. Large-scale farmers almost exclusively use heavy machinery and rarely grow more than two or three distinct crops.

Related: What Is It Like To Own A Farm? Complete Guide!

It is preferable because small-scale farming has benefits such as fewer transportation-related emissions and tons of CO2 released into the atmosphere when food is shipped. How the world generates and how we trade this has wreaked havoc on the environment.

These transportation-related emissions include the effects of global warming, which endangers both the environment and human civilization. 

Farmers are impacted by climate change because it results in unpredictable weather that can harm livestock and farmland.

Food quality is another benefit of small-scale farming because fresh produce cultivated locally is used almost soon after it is harvested, making it available for sale quicker and typically at a riper stage. There is less or no need for treatment and chemical additives that artificially extend shelf life.

Other advantages that improve small-scale farming are the source of career opportunities. It is also a source of money and income for the government and economy. Using a small property requiring little capital and management knowledge and skills provides a market for industrial goods. Lastly, It protects the environment by providing habitats for plants and animals.

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