Are Potatoes Vegetables or Fruits?

The potato is a nutritious, versatile, and delicious food that can be eaten nearly anywhere in the world. These foods are starchy, such as pasta, rice, or bread. But you could ask yourself are potatoes vegetables or fruits?

The family of vegetables that grow from an annual edible root is the potato family. They are botanically confirmed to be vegetables. They are also known as starchy tubers and are excellent sources of carbohydrates.

Potatoes are the only ingredient in all savory dishes that contain protein. These starchy vegetables are an excellent choice for people who want to eat healthy meals.

In this article, we’ll explore the topic of potatoes vegetables, or fruit in detail.

What’s the Difference Between Vegetables and Fruits? 

Botanically, fruits and vegetables can be classified based on which part of the plant they come from. A flower is what produces fruit. The rest of the plant can also be classified as vegetables. Fruits are made from seeds. You can find vegetables that include roots, stems, and leaves.

Which Food Group is the Potato In?

The carbohydrate food category includes the potato, one of three major macronutrient groups. In the old food pyramid, potatoes were placed in the subgroup of starchy vegetables. However, the new classification has moved potatoes to the proper vegetable group.

Potatoes are one of the easiest vegetables to use in many recipes, especially in fast-food restaurants. Because of their high carbohydrate content, potatoes are widely used in many countries worldwide.

Potatoes are starchy vegetables rich in Vitamin C. This doesn’t mean you should eat more than you need. Excess starch can also cause obesity.

Why is a Potato Not a Fruit?

Potatoes are not fruits, even though the potato plant does not produce them. The plant’s fruit looks a lot like a cherry tomato, which is very toxic.

Unlike fruits that develop after flowers, these tubers grow underground with the root system.

The potatoes do not contain seeds and can grow on roots regardless of whether or not the potato plants have been pollinated successfully.

Potato Flower

How Healthy are Potatoes?

February is National Potato Month. Many ways to enjoy these nutritious vegetables and wide varieties! You can get potatoes year-round at your local grocer; they are a great addition to a healthy meal plan.

A potato is about the same size as your fist and contains 110 calories. It also has essential nutrients such as potassium, fiber, vitamin B, and complex carbohydrates. They are naturally fat-free, cholesterol free, and have no sodium.


Potatoes are the top sources of potassium. They contain more potassium per serving than any other vegetable, fruit, or orange, except mushrooms. Potassium is essential for the normal functioning of muscles, like your heart, the body’s electrolyte balance, and the body’s water balance.


A medium potato with skin contains 2 grams of fiber. This is 8% of the daily recommended intake. Many health benefits are associated with dietary fiber, such as lowering your risk of developing heart disease and diabetes and increasing your feeling of fullness.


Carbohydrates provide significant energy for the body. There are two types: simple and complex. Simple carbohydrates are found in many foods, from sweets to produce and milk. Complex carbohydrates, also known as starches, can be found in grains, beans, vegetables, and certain fruits. Potatoes contain both carbohydrate types.

What are The Different Types of Potatoes?

Around 200 varieties of potatoes are available worldwide, particularly in the U.S. This vegetable helps maintain brain balance and health throughout the day.

Russet Potato

Russet potatoes range in size from medium to large and are oval with brownish-netted skin and pale yellow flesh. The skin is soft when cooked and light and fluffy when eaten. The flavor is mildly earthy due to the medium amount of sugar. It is best to be fried or roasted to enjoy its earthy flavor.

Red Potato

Red potatoes are medium in size, slightly oblong or round, and have thin red skin. Red potatoes are creamy, moist, and a little waxy. They also have a subtle sweetness due to the light-medium amount of sugar. Serve red potatoes roasted, grilled, or steamed with soups and salads.

White Potato

White potatoes are long in shape, have tan skin and white flesh, and taste mildly creamier due to mild starch. They retain their shape even after cooking. Their thin skin makes it easy to give mashed potatoes a velvety texture without having to peel them. Parmesan garlic dressing is a great option for salads after tossing in Caesar.

Yellow Potato

The shape and size of yellow potatoes are oblong. They come in regular and larger sizes. They are great for baking, grilling, roasting, and mashing potatoes because of their subtle sweetness and buttery flavor. They are rich in potassium and carbohydrates, giving instant energy comparable to a banana.

Purple Potato

Purple potatoes can be shaped in an oblong or fingerling shape, medium in size, with bluish to slightly reddish skins. They also have pink to white flesh. You can prepare these potatoes in various ways, including roasting, baking, and microwaving. These potatoes are a great complement to green salads because of their buttery, slightly nutty taste.

Fingerling potato

The length of fingerling potatoes is 2 to 4 inches. Their skin is either white or orange, and their flesh is yellow-white. However, they can sometimes appear to have streaks of color. You can enhance its buttery, nutty flavor by roasting or frying it. It is often served with sauces such as ketchup and garlic mayo.

Petite Potato

They are also known as pearls or marble balls. Their texture is very similar to flesh or skin but high in sugar. These potatoes are best roasted because of their concentrated flavor and quick cooking time, making great salads because it’s easy to prepare and doesn’t require cutting or slicing, and are best served in the pre-preparation phase.

What are Sweet Potatoes?

Sweet potatoes are sweet, starchy root vegetables with a rich taste. They can be identified easily by their bright orange flesh and copper-colored complexion. They are hundreds of sweet potato varieties that can be found all over the world. They come in various colors, including yellow, white, and deep purple.

Sweet potatoes, unlike potatoes, are the root of the morning glory family and are widely consumed. Sweet potatoes are healthy and high in vitamins C, vitamin A, and beta-carotene. They also have vitamin B6, vitamin B6, and potassium.

Japanese Sweet Potato

What’s the Difference Between Potato and Sweet Potato?

Potatoes and sweet potatoes are tuberous root veggies with different appearances, tastes, and nutrients. They are part of separate plant families and have other sugar content and nutrient levels.

Are Sweet Potatoes a Vegetable or Fruit?

Sweet potatoes are vegetables. They are found on the roots of plants and don’t contain seeds. Many people mistakenly believe that sweet potatoes are fruits because of their sweet taste. Fruits are made from flowers, while vegetables grow from roots and stems.

Sweet potatoes are starchy and grow in a similar way to regular potatoes.

The roots are most commonly eaten as part of the sweet potato plant and can also enjoy the stem and leaves.

Sweet potatoes are grown in Japan, Russia, and South America. However, it can also develop some sweet potato varieties in the United States. They have long stems and bright green leaves.

The plants can flower and appear as clusters of white or light pink flowers.

Sweet potatoes can take six months to mature before they are ready for harvest.

Final Thought

Although potatoes are a high-nutrition vegetable, their daily consumption can cause weight gain and increase sugar levels due to their high starch content and carbohydrate. Some potatoes, like petit potatoes, can be used in a green salad. Sweet potatoes are a good choice if you need to increase blood sugar levels quickly due to their high glycemic index.

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